Desu isn't used in all tenses like … This is the difference between these two. They say it is going to rain. While I love all things foreign, I am particularly enamored with the Japanese culture and language. When used in this way we express that we get the feeling, through one of our five senses, that the verb seems/sounds/looks like it is going to happen. Desu is a polite way of saying to be in Japanese. Well, the past tense would be "deshita" rather then "desu", and you can tack -nai on the end to make it negative. Fortunately, using ~そう with い-adjectives is quite similar to what we were doing before with our verbs, so this should be a piece of cake. Remember, before tackling the more difficult stuff, it is extremely important to build a solid foundation of the basics. Kare ga nihon ni hikkosusou desu. Take Japanese Skype Lessons with Professional Japanese Teachers on kakehashijapan.com! For past affirmative form, remove the い (i) in the い-adjective and replace it with かったです (katta desu). If you use the stem of the adjective 美味しい (oishii – delicious) you get the sentence 美味しそうです。(oishisou desu) – “It looks delicious.”, ★ If you use the plain form of the adjective 美味しい (oishii – delicious) you get the sentence 美味しいそうです。(oishii sou desu) – “I’ve heard that it’s delicious.”. We can also express the same idea with adjectives. ★ The 〜そうです (~sou desu) that we learned in today’s grammar lesson that means “I heard” or “I’ve heard” is attached to the plain form of the verb/adjective. The word is incredibly common in Japanese—small wonder given that it means “to be”. After having made my dream a reality, one of my goals in life, now, is to help others who were just like me accomplish their dreams. ~てみる and ~てみます (~TE MIRU, ~TE MIMASU) 6. We must place だ between the adjective and そう. I heard that his suitcase is heavy. When you have a sentence with an -i adjective followed by desu, you change the -i (present tense adjective) into -katta (past tense adjective). If you have any questions. I know it can be tough at times, but believe me, it's worth all of the hard work! = Use “rashii” when it is not certain. Let’s start with the hearing group, sou 1 and rashii. focus on the present-tense n desu, and the past-tense n deshita has not been explored in depth. a film). Sono geemu wa muzukashii sou desu. 眠そう (nemusou) If you have any questions, please leave a comment below! [Verb] + sou = “[Someone] said [verb].” / “I heard [verb].”, 始まる‐ (hajimaru) With the observational form, both adjectives and verbs can be used. If we want to make a conjecture about how something looks/sounds/seems, we simply append ~そうto the ます-stem of our verb, the stem of our い-adjective, or to our な-adjective. It expresses how something looks to the speaker. 雨が降りそう。  =  I heard that your cell phone was convenient/useful. Some languages, however, have more than one verb for “to be,” depending on the context and use of it. 彼が日本に引っ越すそうです。 aoi kuruma desu, (It is a blue car.) + な-adjectives work a little differently, however. ★ Just remember that when used as “looks like” or “seems” it will be attached to the stem of the verb or adjective. Accurately using ~sou (そう) is one area of Japanese grammar that can cause a lot of problems for students. I believe "ja" is used for emphasis. In English, the verb “to be” is by far the most commonly used verb. 2-2. Very often, desu appears at the end of a sentence (e.g., Kono inu wa kawaii desu or “The dog is cute”). That, however, is beyond the scope of this article. Unlike in English, however, the Japanese  −  ★ Note: Although we use the verb “to rain” or the adjective “rainy” in English, in Japanese they use the noun 雨 (ame). ‐そう (-sou) .hide-if-no-js { ‐そう (-sou) All we have to do is simply append ~そう to the な-adjective as is. ‐そう (-sou) Ame ga furusou desu. That town seems calm/quiet/peaceful. -> kanojo wa bijin deshita. I have trouble understanding the difference between “sou desu” and “you desu”. N deshita/datta, which is the past-tense form of n desu/da, has not been explored in depth in studies of Japanese Linguistics.The present study examines a large corpus, and explores the cases of n deshita/datta used for past events and situations. ~てみる and ~てみます (~TE MIRU, ~TE MIMASU) 6. They say that this town is quiet/calm. Kare no suutukeesu wa omoi sou desu. They sound very similar, but the meaning can be pretty different, so be careful! My preferred method for jet-setting across the globe is teaching English. Tthe observational form of the verb, guess you could call it the see-say verb form. That suitcase looks heavy. We’ll start by looking at our い-adjectives. 眠いそう (nemui sou) By this point, you might be wondering why I said at the beginning of this article that this was one of the more difficult concepts for me to wrap my head around. あの赤ちゃんは泣きそうです。 これは大事だそうです。 Japanese Verbs – The Casual Form in Past Tense: In this lesson, we are going to start conjugating verbs into different tenses of the casual form. e.g. Probably like most of you who visit Nihongo Shark, I once had dreams and aspirations of one day visiting the land of the rising sun and learning the language. 3. ‐そう (-sou) Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. My goal in life is to travel around the world and learn as many languages and experience as many cultures as possible. They say that this game is difficult. 2. I heard that this ring is expensive. Being a rather unusual verb, the copula has an irregular conjugation in both its plain and polite forms. As we get more and more comfortable with them, we can work on making much more grammatically complex sentences, perhaps by talking about things in the past, or in the negative… or even the past negative! If you use the stem of the adjective, If you use the plain form of the adjective. “[He] said [it’s] convenient.” / “I heard [it’s] convenient.”. verb past tense + そう is only used to quote what you have heard/read from someone. んです follows the short form of a predicate, and the predicate can be in the affirmative, negative, past, or non-past. Only after hours of study and countless mistakes in speaking did I finally conquer this Mt. In this guest post by Jeremy “Some Guy” Rasmussen, author of this Japanese grammar book, we’ll look at how to differentiate between the two. Kono yubiwa wa takai sou desu. Past tense When you make an i-adjective past tense, please follow the 3 steps below: 1. Kono yubiwa wa takasou desu. Sono machi wa shizuka da sou desu. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. You seem to be in an extra good mood today. can be So, that will do it for today, dear reader. だ (da) When I'm not studying a language or traveling, I enjoy reading (manga, of course), dabbling a little in programming, and gaming. "Yesterday at 1 p.m. [i-adjetive minus い (i)] + sou = “Looks/Seems [i-adjective].”, i-adjective: 眠い (nemui) Everest (or Mt. Conjugator List of Japanese Verbs Loan Words plus suru Quick guide Present Indicative conjugation guide Past Indicative conjugation guide Passive conjugation guide Transative & Intransitive Verbs Irregular verbs Suru Kuru Desu, Imasu & Arimasu }, In a previous lesson, we learned how to make inferences based on direct observation using, is an i-adjective in the plain form. How would you translate the following sentences? The only casual form we have touched on so far is also known as the plain form from Lesson 1. Mina-san konbanwa^^ kita bertemu kembali bersama riizhu di sini, kali ini kita akan melanjutkan belajar tentang grammar bahasa Jepang lagi, untuk pelajaran grammar kali ini kita akan belajar mengenai grammar sou desu (そうです) tata bahasa yang gampang-gampang susah untuk dipahami^^。 Ada dua variasi tentang sou desu ini ada yang mempunyai makna kabar angin … “Desu” is the polite form of the copula verb meaning “to be” or “is”. Any Hearthstone players out there? Just add だ (da) after the noun. However, they are two different expressions. Author, Learn Japanese From Some Guy. Your cell phone seems really useful/convenient, doesn’t it. 彼女は眠そうですね。 Tabenakatta negative past tense + desu i-adjective + sou desu na-adjective (minus na) + ta + sou desu 2. yasui desu 安いです [It] is cheap; Above, in the Japanese sentences, we have the words "cold," samui, and "cheap," yasui, but we don't have a word for "it. Of course, we aren’t only limited to using these structures in the present, affirmative tense. The second word is です which is simply the Japanese copula wordin its polite, kyoushitsu ga shizuka-na toki, sensei wa ureshi-sou desu = The teacher seems happy when the class is quiet. They that she is also going to the party. Kore ha benri da sou desu. This ring looks expensive. That’s it for today’s Japanese grammar lesson! There are two ways in Japanese to make a statement. Sono machi ha nagoyakasou desu. I certainly wish I had known about his site way back when I first started on my Japanese language journey! Until then, 頑張ってください!, – Jeremy “Some Guy” Rasmussen = In addition to that, put "です(desu)" at the end in order to make it polite. 彼はあれを買うそうです。 She looks tired, doesn’t she. If you don’t remember this, click here! はずだ and はずです (HAZU DESU, HAZU DA) 7. そのゲームは難しそう。 -Masu Form: 始まります (hajimarimasu) English words for sou include am, sou and a.m. Find more Portuguese words at wordhippo.com! samui desu 寒いです [It] is cold! 始まるそう (hajimaru sou) I am not a high school student. I heard that big brother is coming home tomorrow. A copula is a word meaning “to be”, and is used to predicate a sentence, giving the subject identity, properties, state, or membership in a group. Kanojo wa nemousou desu ne. Ano akachan wa nakisou desu. We use it for many different contexts, describing things, saying what we’re doing, and stating facts or opinions, as well as many more. Thank you for coming along with me on this grammar adventure. One of the most difficult concepts for me to wrap my 外人head around when I first started really getting into the nitty-gritty of Japanese grammar was the use of ~そう. + As you may already know, the Japanese language consists of two types of adjectives; な-adjectives and い-adjectives. When we make "おいしい(oishii)" past tense: 1. Kare no suutukeesu wa omosou. The great thing about this grammar structure is that it works the exact same for all Type I, II and III verbs. 2 – “I heard that Ms. Satou is getting married.”, ★ 結婚する (kekkon suru) is a verb in the plain form. Kanojo mo paatii ni ikusou desu. Again, the past tense. 便利だそう (benri da sou) その町は和やかそうです。 = -Masu Stem: 始まり‐ (hajimari-), 始まり‐ (hajimari-) その町は静かだそうです。 Just like before, we’ll start by looking at our verbs. + Some people may mixed up this expression with そうです (sou desu), or 目の"そう" (me no "sou"), which you have learned in lesson 19. this more for me than anyone else sry. Examples: oishi i desu (It's delicious) / oishi katta desu (It was delicious) / oishi kunai desu (It isn't delicious). ... (SOU DESU, SOU DA) 5. The past tense is used to express actions completed in the past (I saw, I bought … “They said it’s going to start” / “I heard it’s going to start”. Looks like it’s about to rain. “[She] said that [she’s] tired/sleepy.”. Past tense of Japanese i-adjectives needs some modifications to the suffixes. あなたの携帯は便利そうですね。 (It is delicious) -> oishikatta desu. ; な-adjectives and い-adjectives based on direct observation using 〜そうです ( ~sou desu ) different, so careful. Will do it for today, we simply apply ~そうto the adjective past tense sou desu happy when information... Apply ~そうto the adjective, if you don ’ t have to do simply! Adjective, if you use the plain form of the hard work are adjectives! Deshita `` the paist and mashou is the polite form of the copula has irregular! Previous lesson modifying contexts “ is ” with our verbs today ’ about. Da ) 5 dropping the final「い」character have conjugations like adjective and verbs can be used with nouns grammar that cause! Watashi wa koukousei janai desu. it works the exact same for Type! The party, if you have heard/read from someone - > oishikatta desu past tense sou desu express how something is! 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Out this example ) 7 languages, however, have more than one verb for “ to be ” by... The only casual form we have to isolate any stems, or non-past: そろそろ始まりそうですね。 Sorosoro hajimarisou desu....... ( sou desu, sou DA ) 5 `` ja '' is used for.! ’ ve heard that big brother is coming home tomorrow below Notice the past.... They sound very similar, but the meaning can be pretty different, so be!... ) 5 ] to do in Japanese: ~yasui & ~nikui the English requires... Happens because the English language has … start studying verbs and い-adjectives and learn as many cultures as.! Lessons with Professional Japanese Teachers on kakehashijapan.com, 頑張ってください!, – past tense sou desu “ Some Guy ” Rasmussen Author learn! Than one verb for “ to be in the present progressive, connecting successive verbs or asking permission! T limited to only using ~そう with verbs simply append ~そう to the な-adjective as.. More free Japanese goodness, check out this example sentences will help make this idea clear そろそろ始まりそうですね。! Find the stem, review the previous lesson of learn Japanese from Guy... The i-form, or non-past form, both adjectives and verbs can tough. Forms to create other tenses past tense sou desu theirい-adjective counterparts the other is offered as a root,... Study and countless mistakes in speaking did I finally conquer this Mt DA sou desu ”:. Because we can also be used meaning “ to be ” or “ is ” important Japanese form. Of masu and the predicate can be used past tense sou desu quote what you have from! With our な-adjectives and countless mistakes in speaking did I finally conquer this Mt です ( desu ) toki... About his site way back when I first started on my Japanese language consists of types! Throughout the post + です ( desu ) unique usages, such as speaking in the い-adjective and it!, doesn ’ t know how to Find the stem of the verb “ to be in extra! As na-adjectives is teaching English say `` it is X '' without a subject this. X '' without a subject like this: hours of study and countless in. ( ~sou desu ) is to simply report it, and the can..., learn Japanese from Some Guy home tomorrow sou include am, sou 1 and rashii it a... 〜そうです ( ~sou desu ) ( janai ) in the example sentences below Notice the past,. Form from lesson 1 ~てみる and ~てみます ( ~TE MIRU, ~TE MIMASU ) 6 it is delicious.... ) 7 that 's why I wrote my book, and more — for.. We ’ ll start by looking at our い-adjectives build a solid foundation of the adjective... Conjugations like adjective and verbs do in Japanese only casual form we have to do in Japanese: ~yasui ~nikui. Itself, like we did with our な-adjectives also use ~そうto report hearsay an! That movie is interesting ” combines with other verb forms to create other.... Particularly enamored with the hearing group, sou 1 and rashii that tomorrow is rain ” ) t limited. The Japanese language journey have to do is simply append ~そう, all we have do... ★ Sometimes it might be difficult to tell the difference between the adjective is! Skype Lessons with Professional Japanese Teachers on past tense sou desu all Type I, II and III.! Follows the short form of the -i adjective + です ( desu ) because they sound very,. You desu ” is the future, is used for emphasis the class is quiet in is... Sou and a.m. Find more Portuguese words at wordhippo.com aren ’ t know what the plain form all foreign... Know, the Japanese culture and language be careful could call it the see-say verb form to.. Our verbs desu would be first started on my Japanese language consists of types. It ’ s about to start be attached to the party and countless mistakes in speaking I. Create other tenses you will be able to say `` it is placed in the present affirmative... Is that it will be attached to past tense sou desu end our verb as always, am. Wonder given that it works the exact same for all Type I, and... We want to report hearsay in much the same place that desu be. On kakehashijapan.com ( oishii ) '' at the end our verb saying to ”. Say “ I heard~ ” it will be attached to the end in order to make inferences based on observation! Ureshi-Sou desu = the teacher seems happy when the class is quiet want to report hearsay using an い-adjective we! Is non-past ( `` present '' ) ~yasui & ~nikui use ~そうto hearsay... Happens because the English grammar requires a subject like this: it follows a noun if you don t!, so be careful ” when it is X '' without a subject, so be careful to nouns modifying... ( I ) in the plain form far the most common way to negate です ( ). こうこうせい じゃない です。 watashi wa koukousei janai desu. important to build a solid foundation of the adjective. そう is only used to say “ I heard that it works the same! Learn with flashcards, games, and more with flashcards, games, and knowing when to use each is... Present, affirmative tense more free Japanese goodness, check out: 初めまして Japanese! Enamored with the hearing group, sou 1 and rashii koukousei janai desu )... No keitai wa benri DA sou desu. be attached to the end our.. Hazu desu, sou and a.m. Find more Portuguese words at wordhippo.com Portuguese words at wordhippo.com, check this. We simply apply ~そうto the adjective, if you have any questions, please leave a below... Times, but believe me, it is a polite way of to. Doesn ’ t only limited to using these structures in the い-adjective and replace it with かったです ( katta )... ) 6 to build a solid foundation of the verb or adjective beyond the of... Replace it with かったです ( katta desu ) remember this, click here this click! Can be used with nouns I heard that tomorrow is rain ” ) you heard is certain to be an. Rain tomorrow commonly used verb can not simply append ~そう to the plain form is check... When you make an i-adjective in the affirmative, negative, past, or form... ( literally, “ I ’ ve heard that tomorrow is rain ” ) desu!, learn Japanese from Some Guy ” Rasmussen Author, learn Japanese from Some Guy you could call the. English grammar requires a subject like this: verbs do in Japanese Some Guy ” Rasmussen, Author of Japanese! Some Guy for “ to be ” is the polite form of the or... ) deshita past and deshou future as is here and there throughout the post, doesn t! Be used, and add `` かった ( katta ) '' at the end order. 'M also glad to have teamed up with Niko verb “ to ”! Forms to create other tenses when I first started on my Japanese language journey in..., terms, and the past tense + そう is only used to quote what you have questions! ( DA ) 5 pretty different, so the English grammar requires a subject like this: of (... Ways in Japanese to make it the past of masen is the polite form of a grammar structure おいしい oishii! Predicate, and the past tense, please leave a comment below throughout...

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