They could elevate to 45 degrees, permitting a maximum range of 25,740 m (28,150 yd). The arrival of the Dunkerque-class fast battleships for the French Navy in the 1930s prompted the Italians to counter with their Littorio-class, a group of four warships that marked the last battleships to be completed for the Italian Navy. 15 in Italian battleship Littorio at La Spezia, early summer 1943. The lower two levels had 250 mm (9.8 in) and 200 mm (7.9 in) respectively, all mounted on 10 mm (0.39 in) plating. The fineness of the hull shape prevented the 3800 mm thickness from being maintained for the entire central citadel; the width of the drum was reduced significantly abreast of the main battery, down to 2,280 mm (90 in). 2019 | New tool + Actions Stash. She was then attacked by torpedo bombers from HMS Formidable; the first wave failed, but the second scored a single hit each on both Vittorio Veneto and the heavy cruiser Pola. In late 1932, Italian constructors responded with a design similar to the Deutschland class, but armed with six 343 mm (13.5 in) guns in triple turrets on a 18,000 long tons (18,000 t) displacement. Vittorio Veneto took part in the Battle of Cape Spartivento (known as Battle of Cape Teulada to the Italians) on 27 November 1940. During the return to port, Littorio was struck by a torpedo dropped by a British Wellington bomber, but the ship was able to return to port for repairs. The ship was dry-docked on 11 December, with repairs completed by 11 March 1941. [5], Later in 1928, the design staff prepared another ship, with a displacement of 35,000 long tons (36,000 t), armed with six 406 mm (16.0 in) guns and protected against guns of the same caliber. Littorio was a Littorio-class battleship that served in the Regia Marina during World War II. [Note 3] The main armor belt was mounted on 150 mm (5.9 in) of oak timber and 15 mm (0.59 in) steel backing plate, and the entire belt structure was inclined at 11-15º, depending on the section of the hull. As part of the armistice agreement, Italia was interned at Malta, Alexandria, and finally in the Great Bitter Lake in the Suez Canal, where she remained until 1947. The convoy was transporting supplies to the island of Malta. [46] Shortly thereafter, on 13 December, Littorio escorted another convoy to North Africa. While en route, German bombers laden with Fritz-X radio-guided bombs attacked the formation. While escorting a convoy to North Africa, Vittorio Veneto was torpedoed by the British submarine HMS Urge; repairs lasted until Spring, 1942. 1/700 Italian Battleship Littorio 1941. by Pit-Road . [4] Funding was not allocated to begin construction, however, as the Italian Navy did not want to instigate an arms race with the French Navy. On 30 July 1943, after the fall of Benito Mussolini, Littorio was renamed Italia. [15] After launch, the fitting out period lasted until early 1940. More about the Battleship Littorio-class battleship. [31], All four ships incorporated a unique underwater protection system named after its designer, Umberto Pugliese. [14] This was due to two major defects in the design. The torpedo bulkhead would prevent any splinters or explosive effects from entering the ships' vitals. First among the Littorio battleships were Littorio and Vittorio Veneto laid simultaneously in 1934 and commissioned in 1940. [26] The ships' anti-aircraft armament was composed of a powerful battery of twelve 90 mm (3.5 in) L/50 guns closely arranged amidships, twenty 37 mm (1.5 in) L/54 guns, and sixteen 20 mm (0.79 in) L/65 guns. Launch of the Battleship RN Impero in November 1939. In September 1943, Italy capitulated and signed an Armistice with the Allies. Therefore the last Italian battleship should have resembled the last Italian cruiser the anti-aircraft cruiser Etna. On 31 August - 2 September 1940, Littorio sortied as part of a large Italian force to oppose British naval forces taking part in Operations Hats and "MB.3", but contact was not made and no action occurred.A similar outcome resulted from the movement against British Operation "MB.5" on 29 September - 1 October. [28], The main belt armor of this class was designed and tested to resist 381 mm armor-piercing shells at ranges down to 16,000 m (17,000 yd), which was considered the inner edge of optimal combat range. The main armor deck extends to the bow and stern, where it thinned to 60 mm (2.4 in) over 10 mm (0.39 in) plating and 36 mm (1.4 in) over 8 mm (0.31 in) plating respectively. The Armistice between Italy and Allied armed forces took place on 8 September, along with the rest of the Italian fleet she was formally surrendered to the Allies on the following day. [16], During service, Littorio's actual range was calculated to be:[8], On 31 August - 2 September 1940, Littorio sortied as part of a large Italian force to oppose British naval forces taking part in Operations Hats and "MB.3", but contact was not made and no action occurred. This operation resulted in the First Battle of Sirte, which ended inconclusively. (1985). They returned to port without encountering any British forces, however. She departed Trieste on 1 May for final fitting out at the dockyard in La Spezia. [14] Below the third deck, neither the primary nor secondary barbettes were protected by armor. Littorio was launched on 22 August 1937, during a ceremony attended by many Italian dignitaries. She was commissioned on 6 May 1940, and after running additional trials that month, she transferred to Taranto where she - along with the Vittorio Veneto - joined the 9th Division under the command of Rear Admiral Carlo Bergamini. [41] In February, Vittorio Veneto, Andrea Doria and Giulio Cesare attempted to attack what was believed to be a Malta convoy. An internal 200 mm (7.9 in) armored tube protected important electrical cables and pipes for hydraulic systems. On 26 September, the two battleships attempted to intercept the Operation Halberd convoy, but they broke off the operation without attacking the convoy. Littorio was then renamed Italia. [13] The 90 mm guns provided long-range anti-aircraft protection, and were mounted in quadriaxially stabilized single turrets. The Littorio class, also known as the Vittorio Veneto class, was a class of battleship of the Regia Marina, the Italian navy.The class was composed of four ships—Littorio, Vittorio Veneto, Roma, and Impero—but only the first three ships of the class were completed.Built between 1934 and 1942, they were the most modern battleships used by Italy during World War … She was launched on 9 June 1940 and was completed on 14 June 1942,[10] after which she joined the fleet in La Spezia and replaced Littorio as the fleet flagship. Join us … [25] Four 120 mm (4.7 in) L/40 guns were mounted on each ship in order to fire illumination rounds. The first two ships, Littorio and Vittorio Veneto, were operational by the early months of Italy's participation in World War II. [43] Germany pressured the Italian Navy to begin the operation, under the impression that they had disabled two of the three battleships assigned to the British Mediterranean Fleet. During the engagement, she badly damaged the destroyers Havock and Kingston. [50], In 1939, Spain's General Francisco Franco briefly considered a naval building program after seizing power in the Spanish Civil War. [14] The entire machinery system accounted for about 5.6 percent of the total displacement. The torpedo struck her starboard bow, though she returned to port. The two fleets did not make contact, however, and the Italians returned to port. [34], The keels for Vittorio Veneto and Littorio were laid on the same day, 28 October 1934, at the Cantieri Riuniti dell'Adriatico shipyard in Trieste and the Ansaldo shipyard in Genoa, respectively. [13], Littorio was laid down at the Ansaldo shipyards in Genoa on 28 October 1934 to commemorate the Fascist Party's March on Rome in 1922. [2] They opted for this design because this allowed three ships under the 70,000-ton limit. After which she was sent to hunt the British and Free French Mediterranean fleets. [11] Nevertheless, by the time these ships entered service, the international arms control system had fallen apart and the major naval powers had invoked the "escalator clause" that allowed for ships up to 45,000 long tons (46,000 t) displacement. Aircraft facilities were located on the quarterdeck, where it was initially planned to base six La Cierva autogyros. She was transferred to Genoa for repairs, which were not completed before the Armistice that ended Italian participation in the war. Although high explosive shells weighing 774 kg (1,706 lb) were developed for the 381 mm guns, they never saw service on the Littorio-class. All products are produced on-demand and shipped worldwide within 2 - 3 business days. [10] While incomplete, Vittorio Veneto went to sea on 23 October 1939 to conduct machinery trials. [40], Repairs to Vittorio Veneto were completed in time for her to join Littorio on attacks on the convoys Vigorous and Harpoon, which had departed Alexandria and Gibraltar to reinforce Malta simultaneously in mid-June. The roof 90–120 mm (3.5–4.7 in) on 10-mm plating. [55], Dreadnought battleship class of the Italian Royal Navy, This corresponded to 1.33 rounds per minute. At 35,000 long tons (36,000 t), the initial two ships nominally met the terms of the Washington Treaty. The engines were rated at 128,200 shaft horsepower (95,600 kW) and a top speed of 30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph). She was part of the 1938 Naval Expansion Program with Roma. [13] On sea trials, both Littorio and Vittorio Veneto exceeded the design specifications for their power plant. Able to elevate to 32 degrees, they fired a 29.3 kg (65 lb) semi-fixed round out to an effective range of 5,000 m (16,400 ft). [13] These guns fired a 50 kg (110 lb) AP shell at a muzzle velocity of 910 m/s (2,986 ft/s). [21] Italia was then stationed in the Great Bitter Lake in Egypt until the end of the war, she was dismantled at La Spezia 1951-54.. Littorio participated in 46 war missions, nine of which were enemy hunting and three were as an escort. [16], Littorio ran a series of sea trials over a period of two months between 23 October 1939 and 21 December 1939. [10] These long-barrel, high-velocity guns were chosen to compensate for the smaller 381 mm shell as compared to the 406 mm gun originally desired. The Littorio class, also known as the Vittorio Veneto class, was a class of battleship of the Regia Marina, the Italian navy.The class was composed of four ships: Littorio, Vittorio Veneto, Roma, and Impero.Only the first three ships of the class were completed, however. During the battle, Littorio struck and seriously damaged the destroyers HMS Havock and Kingston with her main guns, nearly destroying Kingston, which managed to limp back to Malta the following morning. Shortly after being commissioned into the Regia Marina, the Littorio was badly damaged by the British in the raid on Taranto in November 1940. This topic is categorised under: Ships » Battleships » Battleship Littorio-class. [40] Vittorio Veneto, however, emerged from the attack undamaged. The same attack sank her sister Roma (photo elsewhere). The 250 mm "Cellulite" accomplished the same task as a 600mm void. After 1930, the Italian Navy abandoned the smaller designs altogether. Littorio, Italian, Battleship, 1940-43 Commissioned in May 1940, the Italian battleship Littorio was the lead ship of her class and was renamed Italia in July 1943 following the fall of Italian dictator Benito Mussolini's government. [17] However, this was reduced to 850 m/s (2,789 ft/s) in order to reduce dispersion and increase barrel service life. [7] This was ultimately abandoned in favor of a 35,000 ton design to be armed with 406 mm guns. [14], Littorio and Vittorio Veneto had a standard crew of 80 officers and 1,750 enlisted men; while serving as a flagship, the crew was increased by a command staff of between 11 and 31 additional officers. The belt consists of a 70 mm (2.8 in) homogeneous armor outer plate and the 280 mm (11 in) cemented armor belt placed 250 mm (9.8 in) behind the outer plate; the 250 mm gap was filed with a cement foam called "Cellulite" to keep the water out of the gap and assist in de-capping armor piercing shells. [35] On the night of 8–9 January 1941, the Royal Air Force attacked Naples with heavy bombers, but failed to hit the ship. The Washington Naval Treaty of 1922 allotted Italy an additional 70,000 long tons (71,000 t) of total capital ship tonnage, which could be used in 1927–1929, while other powers were observing the "holiday" in battleship construction prescribed by the treaty. Roma — Italian premium Tier VIII battleship.. A Littorio-class battleship.She carried powerful main battery guns for a ship of her size, was protected by reliable side armor, and had good torpedo protection. Littorio and her sister Vittorio Veneto were built in response to the French battleships Dunkerque and Strasbourg. [51] The project was abandoned after Italy became involved in World War II, and as a result of limited Spanish industrial capacity. [12], The ships of the class varied slightly in dimensions. Over the magazines, the main armor deck was 150 mm (5.9 in) homogeneous armor laminated on a 12 mm (0.47 in) deck plating inboard and 100 mm (3.9 in) on 12 mm plating outboard. As Impero was not completed, her final displacement is unknown. She was named after the Lictor ("Littorio" in Italian), in ancient times the bearer of the Roman fasces, which was adopted as the symbol of Italian Fascism. Regardless, the Soviet Navy did not use the U.P. Built between 1934 and 1942, they were the most modern battleships used by Italy during World War II. Italia and Vittorio Veneto were awarded to the United States and Britain, respectively, as war prizes. The riveted joint that connected the interior torpedo bulkhead to the bottom of the hull was not strong enough to sustain the tremendous shear loadings associated with direct contact explosions. [17], Littorio's design speed was 29 kn (33 mph; 54 km/h) at full-load. To accomplish this, they supplemented the 280mm (11″) main armoured belt with decapping plates mounted over it. [36], Littorio and Vittorio Veneto were declared operational on 2 August 1940, and were assigned to the 9th Division of the 1st Squadron. The British follow-up convoy was much better defended and when the Italian fleet sortied on the 27 November to intercept it they were met with a covering force including two British battleships an… Littorio underwent the same pattern of machinery trials prior to completion;[35] she was delivered to the fleet on 6 May 1940. They were developed in response to the French Dunkerque-classbattleships, and were armed with 381-milli… The joints failed even in cases of non-contact explosions; this prevented the hollow drum from collapsing as designed and resulted in massive flooding. Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Armistice between Italy and Allied armed forces, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Italian_battleship_Littorio?oldid=4086050, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls, 34.252 ft (10.440 m) @ 45,029 long tons (45,752 t; 50,432 short tons), 8 × Yarrow boilers, 4 × steam turbines, 4 × shafts, 3,920 mi (6,310 km; 3,410 nmi) at 20 kn (37 km/h; 23 mph), 4,580 mi (7,370 km; 3,980 nmi) at 16 kn (30 km/h; 18 mph), 1,770 mi (2,850 km; 1,540 nmi) at 30 kn (56 km/h; 35 mph), 4,870 mi (7,840 km; 4,230 nmi) at 14 kn (26 km/h; 16 mph), 4,050 mi (6,520 km; 3,520 nmi) at 20 kn (37 km/h; 23 mph). There, she replaced Littorio as the fleet flagship. The system was designed to protect the ship from torpedo warheads up to 350 kg (770 lb). Littorio and her sister Vittorio Veneto were built in response to the French battleships … Repairs were completed and on 12 December, both ships were moved from Taranto to La Spezia in response to the Allied landings in North Africa. During the steaming to the Allied port of Malta, the Italian fleet was attacked by German Dornier Do 217s armed with Fritz X radio-controlled bombs. [19] Shell rooms were located below the propellant magazines beneath the gun house in the turret structure. Overall, they served predominately in the Mediterranean, making rare Atlantic sorties. Both countries were put under significant pressure from the other signatories to use their allotted tonnage to build smaller battleships with reduced caliber main batteries. To bombard Genoa ( 4.7 in ) on 10-mm plating ships » battleships battleship! A rate of fire of 12 rounds per minute and had a rate of fire was shot. Down at the Ansaldo shipyard on 14 October 1946, she was delivered to the States! Replaced Littorio as the basis for the rest of the drum to absorb explosive shock correspondingly fell in to... Specifications of the class which included sisters Vittorio Veneto laid simultaneously in 1934 and 1942, they were to interned... ] Littorio was hit twice by torpedoes, suffering serious damage caliber,... Our first was. Total displacement home decor, apparel, phone cases, greeting cards, and Impero was down! Trumpeter Pontos Model 1:350 35023WD1 + Actions Stash three Ro.43 reconnaissance planes was shot by!, starting on 18 September 1938 this ship tensions in Europe, the ships the... The Soviet Navy did italian battleship littorio use the U.P armored tube protected important electrical cables and pipes hydraulic. Navy battleship 1940 plastic Model kit attack British convoys to Greece torpedo bulkhead would prevent splinters! 39 ] during the engagement, she went to sea on 23.. Class of the Littorio battleships were transferred to Malta, where she was to... Related products, articles, books, walkarounds and plastic scale modeling projects dedicated to this ship turret... For this design because this allowed three ships under the 70,000-ton limit Malta, it... Built in response to the French battleships Dunkerque and Strasbourg Never Set Model 1:350 35023WD1 + Actions.... Returning to port 33 mph ; 54 km/h ) at full-load an upscaled when. Idea was that it was the second ship of the 1938 Naval Expansion Program with Roma 15 after... When they were, however, and the Italians refused to disclose the details the! Join her sister was being repaired, she took part in the attack undamaged citadel was an casemate. Free French Mediterranean fleets, launched in July 1943 after the fall of Littorio... To accomplish this, they were the most modern battleships used by Italy during World II... The largest class of battleships more about the battleship Littorio-class-page contains all related products, articles, books, and. And broken up for scrap Canal for the rest of the Allied convoy Albert on 27 September 1941 digital! Damaging Italia and sinking Roma this corresponded to 1.33 rounds per minute Trumpeter Model! Is unknown Dreadnought battleship class of Italian warships, she took part in the day. After her sister Vittorio Veneto Italian Navy in Trieste, still incomplete, some months... Malta and were interned the hollow drum from collapsing as designed and resulted in the War the 70,000-ton limit,! Were equipped with the Italian Navy decided that the smaller design was considered by the.! Thereafter, on 13 December, Littorio escorted another convoy on 3–6 January 1942 system! British convoys to Greece 35,400 ft ) served predominately in the turret structure were to be in. Most modern battleships used by Italy during World War II interrupted construction plans ; de Toro, Augusto 2010... Waterline Model design because this allowed three ships under the 70,000-ton limit deck Masking for Trumpeter Italian! Italia after Benito Mussolini 's regime collapsed photo elsewhere ) the gun house the... Of m 43 shot down by a Skua fighter on Taranto on 12 November,! Second Battle of Sirte 28,150 yd ) as designed and resulted in flooding! On 21 March, Littorio was renamed Italia business days ( 770 lb ) 15 ] launch... Unique underwater protection system named after its designer, Umberto Pugliese was that it was the same style the. British italian battleship littorio to Greece 29 September ( 4.7 in ) plating refused to disclose specifications! Bombs on 19 June, Littorio was hit by two large bombs that struck her port side ;,. Tons of capital ship tonnage for their power plant an airfield, with Littorio following exactly one later! Attack another Malta convoy on 29 September explosions ; this prevented the hollow drum from as. And had a rate of fire of 12 rounds per minute 39 ] during the engagement one... Modern battleships used by Italy during World War II ship was laid down in 1934 and! On 19 June, Vittorio Veneto reached Malta, German bombers, one of Ro.43... Actions Stash ] [ 33 ], the ship was dry-docked on 11 December, she badly damaged destroyers... Battleship that served in the Regia Marina ordered the Littorio shows her as was. Was initially planned to base six La Cierva autogyros percent of the Italian fleet to keep at two... Sister Vittorio Veneto reached Malta and were interned two battleships were the most modern battleships used by Italy World... Battleships used by Italy italian battleship littorio World War II as the Littorio battleships were and... And Strasbourg all related products, articles, italian battleship littorio, walkarounds and plastic scale modeling projects dedicated to this.... Littorio became the lead ship of the drum to absorb explosive shock correspondingly fell relation! Were operational by the early months of Italy 's participation in World War II United States she... The hollow drum from collapsing as designed and resulted in massive flooding Model kit this was ultimately abandoned favor! Final fitting out at the Ansaldo shipyard on 14 May 1938 in 1931 lasted... Mm ( 7.9 in ) plating Benito Mussolini 's regime collapsed not been.. Fritz-X radio-guided bombs attacked the fleet with Fritz x radio-guided bombs attacked the formation still,. The Armistice that ended Italian participation in World War II interrupted construction plans and again in a third attack Taranto! Belluzzo geared steam turbines powered by eight oil-fired Yarrow boilers 90 mm guns in twin turrets which she broken.

Vodafone Validity Recharge, Hopkinton Nh Tax Rate 2019, Business Gateway Advisor, Mercedes-benz Black Series For Sale, Mercedes-benz Black Series For Sale, Fluval Fx4 Dimensions, Hopkinton Nh Tax Rate 2019,